Symptoms of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common language processing disorder most often characterized by an unusual difficulty in reading and spelling.  People with dyslexia are usually extremely intelligent and socially adept. With early intervention, and specialized educational therapy, children with dyslexia become highly successful and creative adults.  

Symptoms at All Ages

• Slow and non-automatic reading
• Letter and word reversals
• Choppy and inaccurate reading
• Lots of guessing when reading
• Ignoring or skipping small words and suffixes
• Terrible spelling
• Forgetting high incidence sight words
• Trouble memorizing
• Disorganized and messy work
• Directional confusion
• Trouble pronouncing vowel sounds
• School anxiety and fear
• Complaints about aches or discomfort

In Preschool

• Trouble learning nursery rhymes
• Difficulty learning the alphabet
• Unable to recognize the letter's in his/her name
• Mispronounces familiar words
• Trouble rhyming

In Kindergarten & 1st Grade

• Does not understand that words break into syllables
• Complains about reading
• Disappears when it is reading time
• A family history of reading problems
• Cannot sound out simple words like cat, mop, nap
• Does not associate letters with correct sounds

In 2nd Grade & Up

• Very slow in acquiring reading skills
• Reading is slow and awkward
• Trouble reading unfamiliar words, makes wild guesses
• Lacks a strategy for reading new words
• Avoids reading out loud
• Searches for a specific word and ends up using vague or easy words when writing
• Pauses, hesitates, and/or uses lots of "umms" when speaking
• Confuses words that sound alike
• Mispronunciation of long, unfamiliar, or complicated words.
• Seems to need extra time to respond to questions
• Trouble remembering dates, names, telephone numbers
• Has trouble finishing tests on time
• Has extreme difficulty learning a foreign language
• Messy handwriting
• Low self-esteem that may or may not be easily visible
• Shows chronic work avoidance behavior